Welcome to the Leon Mow Radio Observatory

LMRO News!

March 31st 2020: The Dish First Light and updates

It has been over 12 months since the official opening ceremony of the Leon Mow Radio Observatory 8 meter Dish by Ted Ballieu, former Premier of Victoria at our 2019 Messier Star Party. The 2020 Messier has also come and gone under the gloom of the Corona Virus pandemic.
In this time we've installed and tested the Hydrogen Line receiver in the focal point cabin, rewired computers in the LMRO control room and achieved First Light with the Dish by observing the Small Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf galaxy and companion to our Milky Way. Our observation shows the SMC to the left of the plot indicating it is moving away (red shifted) at about 145KM/s. The central spike is galactic hydrogen inside the Milky Way.
The original software that was provided by Radio Astronomy Supplies was fairly basic and while good for general observing proved to be a bit clunky. The software did give us good spectrum and continuum observations and proved the Dish was working well.
The newer receiver controller package is written using Python and runs on a Raspberry Pi computer. It gives us the ability to create observation runs by setting a start and end time, right ascension and declination positions and type of observation, whether drift scan or tracking and spectral or continuum.

October 16th 2019: Dish Focal Cabin Installed

Our long awaited Prime Focus instrument cabin built by Mitch has been installed on the dish at the point where the radio waves are focussed. This box has a sliding feedhorn that can be moved in and out to tune the peak radio signal. Currently fitted with a receiving element for the Hydrogen frequency of 1420 Mhz this will allow us to map the sky at Hydrogen wavelengths. Radio waves moving away or towards us will be detected at slightly different frequencies using the principles of doppler shift

We also hope to do some SETI observations. This page at the Seti Institute web site has some great information on searching for signals from sentient species in our Universe.

October 3rd 2019: LMRO Computer updates

Over the Grand Final long weekend which saw Richmond win another Premiership our team worked hard on building and installing our full height computer rack and tidy up the cabling. With ten computers running different experiments like a Seismometer, Radio Jove, two Lightning detection systems, Weather Station, Ecallisto solar emission receiver, Whistler receiver VLF radio and many more it was a massive task to rewire everything.
Our new 48 port managed switch for our data network has allowed for future expansion. New shelving in the cabinet means our project computers can be spread out more allowing for better ventilation.
A few months ago we installed a GPS derived HP Network Time receiver to give us a Tier 0 reference. This should result in time accuracy in the order of a few microseconds. It will talk to a computer acting as an NTP server for the rest of our laboratory computers.

April 28th 2019: Our dish is on target

  In March we celebrated the official opening of several big projects at the Leon Mow Dark Sky Site (LMDSS) during our Messier Star Party. Ted Ballieu, former Premier of Victoria opened our 8 meter Dish Antenna and Alan Finkel, Chief Scientist and Chancellor of Monash University in 2008-2016 opened the Jim Trainor Visual Observatory. In attendance were several other dignitaries along with one of the largest member and non-member attendances we've ever had at LMDSS.

December 24th 2018: Merry Christmas to all

Some intense work has been done at LMRO on the weekend. Trenching was put in for power and signal conduits and water drainage to fix the problem with cable pits filling with water. In the next few days the trenches will be filled in and the land put back to usable condition. A great effort from Clint, Phil, Steve and John.
Christmas Eve is tonight so all of us in the ASV Radio Astronomy Section would like to wish everyone a safe and happy Christmas.

November 29th 2018: Erection Of The Tower

Its an exciting day here at LMRO, Heathcote, Central Victoria. The tower for our Dish has been delivered and the crane has placed it on the foundation bolts. The tower has been aligned and bolted down. A cement grout is being put in to the gap between the steel and the concrete foundation.
The top of the tower has a large bearing allowing the mounting plates to swivel. The azimuth motor meshes with the bearing to point it in a different direction. Another motor is connected to a long screw that lifts the dish from horizon to zenith.

Click on the pictures to see the larger image.


April 2018: More Tower Construction Updates

Some new photos have come through after a recent visit to the steel fabrication company doing the build of the tower for the dish. The azimuth motor and gearbox assembly has been mounted to the top plate along with the azimuth bearing. A drive sprocket will be fitted to the motor drive shaft to mesh with the teeth on the azimuth bearing.

We are also in the process of replacing the transparent dome on the All-Sky camera. The old polycarbonate dome was weathered and discolored and badly in need of replacement. A new glass dome is currently being made but proving difficult to size correctly. We hope to have the camera working again in a few weeks.

Click on the pictures to see the larger image.


January 2018: Tower Construction and Cable Pits

Over the New Year break a lot of work has been done by our team at the LMRO site. The final North side cable pit concrete has been completed and guide pins have been fitted to the tower bolts. Fabrication of the tower is well underway with welding being done this week on the inspection hatch and the mounting ring. Delivery might be within the first two weeks of February.


November 2017: Whistler Receiver and Dish Tower

Installation of our Whistler Receiver was completed in October after a trench was dug and wiring carrying the audio from the receiver was laid. The computer was installed and set up for audio streaming to the website. The software will eventually monitor the audio for Whistlers and record the events with recordings available for downloading.
The Dish tower is now being built and we hope delivery to site will take place by the end of November. With luck it will be mounted on the foundation by the start of December in time for the Christmas Star-b-cue.


April 2017: Bring it on!

Saturday 8th April 2017:Stage 1 is now complete! - After delivery of three cement trucks worth of concrete the pour is complete. Some work was needed to level out the concrete and some was removed to provide a more level surface. Over the next few weeks the block will cure and give us a great support for the tower section once it is built. In the center our four 150mm orange conduits rise up to allow routing of power and signal cables. We need to dig trenches at the start of the conduit and fit the rest of the conduit back to the building.
The majority of the preparation of the foundation was done by Clint and Phil, with Stephen Bentley and Robert putting together the cable conduits and some digging in the rock hard soil. Once the Dish is complete we should be able to make some great discoveries!


March 2017: Messier Star Party

On the weekend of the 4th March 2017 a very successful Messier Star Party was held with over 150 attendees. We had several big groups of visitors drop in at LMRO to find out what we are about. Although a nasty little storm came through around 5pm on Saturday night the sky was mostly clear by midnight and many members had some reasonable viewing sessions.


February 2017: 8 meter dish foundations

Work was started in February 2017 on the foundations for the 8 meter dish at LMRO. Thanks to a friendly local fellow with a back hoe we managed to get the 4 meter square and 1 meter deep hole excavated ready for setting up the bolt cage and the concrete pour. Parts for the bolt cage have arrived on site and a build process has been produced for assembly of the foundations.
Over the next few weeks the footings for the bolt cage frame, support rings and L shaped bolts will be assembled, formwork around the edge installed and cabling conduits laid ready for inspection.



The Astronomical Society of Victoria, Radio Astronomy Section was created in the late 1980s by a small group of dedicated amateur astronomers with an interest in Radio Astronomy. The members worked on projects at a country property in Officer, outer eastern Melbourne. The group then transitioned to their new home at the Leon Mow Dark Sky Site (LMDSS) near Heathcote, central Victoria.


The last ten years has seen a great amount of activity at the LMDSS.

Science Data

At LMRO a number of different experiment systems are active
The LMRO DishThe LMRO 8.5 meter Dish Antenna has a receiver tuned to 1420 Mhz to detect radio emissions from neutral hydrogen.
Weather StationThe weather is monitored with a Davis Weather Station and the measurements are stored and uploaded to a data server.
Jove ReceiverA dipole antenna tuned to 20MHz is connected to a Radio Jove receiver that listens for Radio Emissions from Jupiter.
LightningA lightning detector from Boltek connects to a program called Nexstorm and images location and strikes of lightning around Victoria.
RadiationA radiation detector from BlackCat Systems is used for detection of Gamma Rays. Two GM45 detectors are connected in parallel or 'incidence' mode.
SeismometerAn Infiltec seismometer model QM-4.5LV is located at LMRO and is 800mm deep in the ground.
All-Sky CameraOrion Star Shoot All-Sky camera gives superb day and night views of the sky.
eCallistoPart of a World-Wide network monitoring 45 to 800MHz for Solar Radio Emissions.
MagnetometerA three axis magnetometer to monitor Earths Magnetic Field.
Whistler ReceiverA Very Low Frequency (0 to 12 Kilohertz) receiver designed to receive atmospheric electromagnetic energy.